Shrii Shrii Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar
Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar (21 May 1921 – 21 October 1990) also known by his spiritual name, Shrii Shrii Anandamurti was an Indian philosopher, yogi, author, social revolutionary, poet, composer, and linguist. Sarkar was the founder of Ananda Marga (the Path of Bliss) in 1955, a spiritual and social organization that offers instruction in meditation and yoga. Sarkar’s system of spiritual practice has been described as a practical synthesis of Vedic and Tantric philosophies. He denounced materialism and capitalism, and described the universe as a result of macro psychic conation – the entire universe exists within the cosmic mind, which itself is the first expression of consciousness coming under the bondage of its own nature.
Sarkar was a prolific author and produced an extensive body of works that includes theories aimed at increasing human welfare such as the Law of Social Cycle, the Progressive Utilization Theory, the Theory of Microvitum, as well as the philosophy of Neohumanism.
Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar was born during the full moon of Vaeshakh (Buddha Purnima), on 21 May 1921.
His family hailed from Bamunpara (Brahmanpara), Burdwan District in West Bengal. Sarkar was known as an exceptionally bright child in his youth, practicing meditation by himself at an early age and displaying great knowledge of various languages and various topics; knowledge which was reportedly not gained in school, by reading books, nor by listening to teachers, nor from any other outer source.
In 1939 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar left Jamalpur for Kolkata to attend Vidyasagar College of the University of Calcutta. Sarkar had to quit his studies to support his family after the death of his father, and from 1944 until the early 1950s, Sarkar worked as an accountant at the Indian railways headquarters in Jamalpur, Bihar. He taught the techniques of ancient Tantra meditation to a select number of his colleagues and gradually more and more people were drawn to the spiritual practices he taught.
Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar has been attracting others by his deep love for humanity and guiding them along the path of selfrealization. Adjusting the ancient science of Tantra Yoga to meet the needs of this New age, he developed a scientific and rational philosophy ( based on the immanence and transcendence of God ) and taught a system of practical spiritual disciplines for physical, mental and spiritual development. Recognizing him as a spiritually realized master, his followers called him Shrii Shrii Anandamurti, which means “He who attracts others as the embodiment of bliss”, or simply “ Baba ” (father).
Those who followed his teachings found their lives transformed as they overcame the weaknesses and negative tendencies of the mind to experience a deep peace and bliss within. Inspired by his selfless example, they focused their efforts on serving the society and elevating the oppressed.
In the Year 1955, while still leading a normal life as a railway official, Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar formed the organization Ananda Marga..“ Path of Bliss ” with the twin purposes of spiritual progress and social change. To this end he began training missionaries to spread his teachings of “Self-realization and service to humanity ” all over India and later throughout the world.
Reflecting the broadness of his universal vision, Ananda Marga subsequently became a multi-faceted organization with different branches dedicated to the up-liftment of humanity through education, relief, welfare, the arts, ecology, intellectual renaissance, women’s emancipation, and humanistic economy.
In the Year 1963, Prabhat Ranjan Sarkarji established the Education, Relief and Welfare Section ( ERAWS ), which runs schools, orphanages, medical units, retirement homes, free kitchens, drug rehabilitation centers and homes for shelter less women throughout the globe. The Ananda Marga Universal Relief Team ( AMURT ) has rendered disaster relief in fire, flood, typhoon, earthquake and war, and received numerous citations from the United Nations, the Red Cross and many Governments.
In the field of ECOLOGY and ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS, Sarkarji propounded the philosophy of Neohumanism, expanding the spirit of humanism to include love for animals, plants and the inanimate. He started a global plant exchange program to save and propagate thousands of plant species, and encouraged the establishment of animal sanctuaries in various locations around the world.
In the realm of PHILOLOGY and LINGUISTICS, Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar wrote numerous volumes on the Bengali and Sanskrit languages, which trace the evolution of words, phrases and cultural traditions that comprise today’s tapestry of Indian languages, as well as new and important insights into Indo-European and other languages of the world.
Sarkarji introduced the theory of Microvita, which has subsequently captured the interest of scientists around the world. In a series of groundbreaking discourses, Sarkar struck at the heart of conventional physics and biology, pointing out that the basic buildings blocks of life are Microvita .. emanations of pure consciousness.
The Microvita theory provides a link between the worlds of perception and conception and implies that the distinct disciplines of physics, biology, and mathematics will merge into one science of understanding the real nature of the universe.
music, literature and art
In the fields of MUSIC, LITERATURE and ART, Sarkarji urged artists to produce art for service and blessedness rather than merely “ art for art’s sake ”, and gave guidelines for achieving this goal.
Sarkarji not only wrote long philosophical treatises, but enriched us as well with children’s stories, fiction, comedy and drama. His most dramatic contribution is the 5018 songs known as Prabhat Samgiita ( Songs of the New Dawn ) which he composed from September of 1982 until his departure in October 1990.
These beautiful songs express the spiritual feelings and universality of the human heart. Most of the songs were written in Sarkar’s mother tongue, Bengali, and Bengali scholars have bestowed on them the highest praise for their poetic and symbolic expression.
For the collective welfare of the entire universe, Sarkarji propounded “ Prout .. Progressive Utilization Theory ”, which stands for the maximum utilization and rational distribution of all the resources and potentialities of the world .. physical, mental, and spiritual .. and the creation of a new, humanistic social order of harmony and justice for all based on Neohumanism, the principle of love for all beings of the universe.
Sarkarji’s demands for social justice, and his uncompromising moral stand against corruption and exploitation, brought about the opposition of certain vested interests which resulted in the persecution of Ananda Marga and his own arrest in the Year 1971 under false charges.
During his seven-year incarceration he survived a poisoning attempt by government officials and fasted on a liquid diet for over five years in protest. Ultimately acquitted of all charges by the high court, he was eventually released from prison in the Year 1978. From then until his physical departure in the Year 1990, he continued to guide the rapid expansion of Ananda Marga all over the world.
light of Future
Shri Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar wrote over 100 books on subjects as diverse as mysticism, cosmology, sociology, history, education, yoga, medicine, ethics, psychology, humanities, linguistics, economics, ecology, farming, music and literature.
He delivered several thousand discourses and composed over 5000 mystical songs. He taught the SCIENCE OF MEDITATION for selfrealization directly and indirectly to millions of people.
In the Year 1979, Sarkarji took two world tours to meet disciples in various countries around the world, including Switzerland, Germany, France, Scandinavia, the Middle East, Philippines, Thailand, Taiwan, Jamaica and Venezuela. He was barred from entering the USA by the State Department, so instead he met his American disciples in Jamaica in 1979. Just before he died on 21 October 1990, he founded Ananda Marga Gurukula on 7 September 1990, an educational network to preserve and develop his legacy through research, teaching and service.
Through his personal example, profound philosophy, systematic spiritual practices and far-reaching service projects, Shri Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar has been .. and continues to be so to this day .. the sole inspirational drive for the universal mission of Ananda Marga.
Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar left his physical body at his residence in Kolkata on october 21, 1990.